Josef Ludvík Fischer – Udržování intelektuálních pozic v proměňujících se situacích

Josef Ludvík Fischer – M aintenance of Intellectual Positions in Changing Situations

Havelka Miloš

Abstract

This intellectual biography of Josef Ludvík Fischer, one of the profiling
figures of Czech sociology in the second third of last century, is based on
the reconstruction of his specific habitus as a member of the “constructive
generation” of the so-called First Czechoslovak Republic. It shows the productivity
of Fischer’s combination of sociological, philosophical, and literary
theory approaches, and especially places emphasis on Fischer’s transition
to the systemic-structural concept of sociological (Saint Simon and Auguste
Comte, 1927) and noetic rationalism (Základy poznání/The Fundamentals
of Knowledge, 1931), which preceded some of the methodological principles of
the Prague Linguistic Circle. In these contexts, the biography also mentions
Fischer’s early thoughts on the unified culture of Europe, as well as the related
criticism of German National Socialism in the first third of the 1930s. The
two-volume publication, Krize demokracie (The Crisis of Democracy), is
highlighted as the second peak of Fischer’s work, which influenced the Czech
leftist liberalism of the so-called “Barrandov Group”, and, with some of his
concepts (qualitative democracy, economic parliament, cultural and political
amalgamation, etc.), a young Václav Havel, as well.

Keywords

Fischer, Josef Ludvík; Czech philosophy; Czech sociology; sociology – history of; methodology of science

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Vydání: 19, 2017, 1