How the Ayurveda is Enacted

Wolfová Alžběta

Abstract

Despite the favourite approach of the social sciences, I do not
intend to discuss Ayurveda in terms of the distance between its traditional
and modern (globalised) v ersion. F or a n a lmost c omplete a bsence o f
standardisation of Ayurveda in the Euro-American regions, I have assumed
a high plurality of its forms. I have drawn upon ethnographic research based
in an Ayurvedic institution in the Czech Republic, which serves as a school
for future Ayurvedic practitioners, as a consultation and healthcare centre,
as a community centre, and as a shop with Ayurvedic medicines. The aim of
this paper is to show how a specific Ayurveda “is done” in the local socialnatural
environment. To reach this point, I discuss the main actors and
practices involved in the process of the enactment of Ayurveda. Inspired by
several Latourian thoughts, I have attempted to work symmetrically – to
pay the same attention to the material, the social, and the discursive aspect
of this phenomenon. In this case, Ayurveda has been formed by teaching,
studying, recovering and expanding through its community, by organising
a daily regime in the terms of food, yoga and breathing exercises, and also
by defining its medicines through legislative processes. Crucial roles in this
process are played by the Teacher, the Doctrine, and the Space of the Ayurveda
Institution itself – its schedule and regulations, its community –, by the food,
physical exercises and medicines.

Keywords

ayurveda; ethnography; enactment; practices; medicine

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Vydání: 17, 2015, 1